Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency by Philomen Probert

By Philomen Probert

ISBN-10: 0199279608

ISBN-13: 9780199279609

ISBN-10: 1435623827

ISBN-13: 9781435623828

The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a few notable correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and note frequency, that provide clues to the prehistory of the accessory approach. Bringing jointly comparative proof for the Indo-European accentuation of the proper different types with fresh insights into the results that lack of transparency and note frequency have on language swap, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the space among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people at once attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.

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2 See p. 22. 3 See pp. 22–3 with n. 19. 8 Introduction Traditionally, ‘accent’ referred to any kind of phonetic prominence making a syllable stand out from those around it, and was also used more narrowly as a synonym for ‘word accent’, a phonetic prominence attaching to one syllable in a word. Two types of accent were distinguished, some languages having ‘pitch accent’ and others ‘stress accent’, also called simply ‘stress’. The ancient Greek accent was regarded as a pitch accent, and so one might refer to it with the term ‘accent’ (a cover term for ‘pitch accent’ and ‘stress accent’) but not with ‘stress’ (which only meant ‘stress accent’).

In addition, P. Ant. ii. 20 Herodian relied very heavily on earlier grammarians trained in the Alexandrian tradition. ), of Aristarchus. Direct pupils adduced include Dionysius Thrax, Demetrius Ixion, and Apollodorus. The grammarians who are most often adduced, other than Aristarchus himself, lived somewhat nearer to Herodian’s own time: Tyrannio (early Wrst century bc), Trypho (late Wrst century bc), Ptolemy of Ascalon (early Wrst century ad), and Pamphilus (second half of the Wrst century ad).

Was normally interpreted as the indicative, äßäïìåí, but oVence was taken on account of the fact that äßäïìåí äÝ ïƒ ås÷ïò IæÝóŁÆØ would be a lie in the mouth of Zeus. The solution involving the inWnitive (used imperativally) would make Zeus merely order the dream to tell a lie. See CAG: ii. iii. 34. 2–35. 8, xxiii. iv. 8. 32–4; Lucas (1972: 242–3). 1 Evidence for the Greek Accent 18 b Aristotle (SE 166 1–3) emphasizes the importance of writing for conundrums and paradoxes of this type:6 ðÆæa äb ôcí ðæïófiøäßÆí Kí ìbí ôïEò ¼íåı ªæÆöBò äØƺåŒôØŒïEò ïP Þfi ÜäØïí ðïØBóÆØ ºüªïí; Kí äb ôïEò ªåªæÆììÝíïØò ŒÆd ðïØÞìÆóØ ìAººïí.

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Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory (Oxford Classical Monographs) by Philomen Probert

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