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By Thomas Oberlies
The 2 nice epics of (old) India, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, are written in a language, which differs from so-called classical Sanskrit in lots of information. either texts nonetheless are of a major value in India and different international locations. due to this, a grammar describing all of the assorted features of epic Sanskrit has been neglected earlier. The Grammar of Epic Sanskrit will now shut this hole.
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Extra info for A grammar of epic Sanskrit
1 . Absence of sandhi In classical Sanskrit the application of me rules governing sandhi is generally obligatory. These rules "are based chiefly on the avoida"ce ojhill(wi" (MACDONELL 1927: 1 0). Thus, by and large, no lJiaful' between words is pennitted. Jt is obviated either by the crasis of the final with the initial vowel or by transfonnation of the final vowel into the appropriate semi-vowel or by elision of tbe word-initial vowel (see KI,ELHORN § 17). A hiatus is only pennittcd under well defined conditions' .
37. �poda-. m. 'OdllfJ-. n. ). 33, ( ,,)pig i a-, n. ). R 4,47. 13, prD),olno-, n. 12, proIr16da-, n. (..... 5, (")blr6ga·, n. ), R 3,53. o-, m. (..... 7, n. II. (.... 8. bIIl/l'D/W-, m. ng(1ra, n. 12, bln'ila- m. (.... 3 (cf. , n.. ibid. 1 ()" 1 1), -bJwga-, n. 9. madhu-, m. ). 2. malllra. n. ), Mbh 3,610 •. 1, mohtihllu/o-, m. 52\ rolrO-, n. 7, \'oktra-, m. ), R 5 , 1 . 1 16). v. a- (4aJ). v ). ) . lI,1 § 15a. XL - Introduction - 1'01110-, n. ). 45, ,'igroha-. n. 39, l-idhtfno-. nl. 32, \'jrudh-, min.
2 (seecnt. ). j- see WACKER-NAGEL, KI. Seh. p. 389, - lnlToduction - XXIX mahe, Mbh 2,35. 1 5 (.... 2)1, (imp. 60 (.... 1 )2, (2sg. inj. 704, (tmesis) pro piirmgall .... 60�, pm,i ... 346. Forms like the nom. and instr. pl. ;, the acc. sg. oftlle i-siems in -(i)yam or the infinitive in -lave (on all of which see above, par. ), common enough in Middle lndo Aryan', are completely absent from Epic Sanskrit. -acc. pI. in -ii ofthe n. a-stems is mel wilh - apart from a few rather doubtful cases (....
A grammar of epic Sanskrit by Thomas Oberlies