New PDF release: A First Example of a Lyotropic Smectic C* Analog Phase:
By Johanna. R Bruckner
In this thesis Johanna Bruckner experiences the invention of the lyotropic counterpart of the thermotropic SmC* part, which has develop into well-known because the in simple terms spontaneously polarized, ferroelectric fluid in nature. by way of polarizing optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electro-optic experiments she firmly establishes facets of the constitution of the radical lyotropic liquid crystalline section and elucidates its attention-grabbing houses, between them a mentioned polar electro-optic influence, analogous to the ferroelectric switching of its thermotropic counterpart. The helical flooring nation of the mesophase increases the elemental query of ways chiral interactions are "communicated" throughout layers of roughly disordered and achiral solvent molecules that are positioned among adjoining bi-layers of the chiral amphiphile molecules. This thesis bridges a major hole among thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals and pioneers a brand new box of liquid crystal research.
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Extra info for A First Example of a Lyotropic Smectic C* Analog Phase: Design, Properties and Chirality Effects
Chapman (Academic Press, London, 1968) 10. T. Gulik-Krzywicki, E. Rivas, V. Luzzati, J. Mol. Biol. 27, 303–322 (1967) 11. D. Demus, L. Richter, Textures of Liquid Crystals, 2nd edn. (VEB Deutscher Verlag für Grundstofﬁndustrie, Leipzig, 1978) 12. I. Dierking, Textures of Liquid Crystals (WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co KGaA, Weinheim, 2003) 13. -D. Dörfler, Grenzflächen und kolloid-disperse Systeme (Springer, Berlin, 2002) 14. A. Blume, K. Hiltrop, K. Kratzat, T. Engels, W. C. Möller-Goymann, in Lyotrope Flüssigkristalle: Grundlagen, Entwicklungen, Anwendungen, ed.
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An example for such a discotic mesogen is benzene-hexa-n-octanoate (BH8)  which is depicted in the upper right corner of Fig. 1. R. 1007/978-3-319-27203-0_3 13 14 3 Thermotropic and Lyotropic Liquid Crystals Fig. 1 Building blocks of thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystalline phases. The upper part of the ﬁgure shows two examples of typical thermotropic mesogens. Calamitic mesogens, such as terephthal-bis-(p-butylaniline) (TBBA) , can be represented by prolate ellipsoids or rigid rods, while discotic mesogens, such as benzene-hexa-n-octanoate (BH8) , are usually described by oblate ellipsoids or discs.
A First Example of a Lyotropic Smectic C* Analog Phase: Design, Properties and Chirality Effects by Johanna. R Bruckner